Last Chance to Give During This Blessed Season!

18 09 2009
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Last chance to give during this blessed season!
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Ramadan is almost over, and with it the month’s many blessings and multiplied rewards shall depart as well.

But you still have a chance to take advantage of the tremendous reward that this holy month offers.

These finals days are your last chance to pay your Zakah and Zakat al-Fitr before Ramadan is over. Zakat al-Fitr is estimated to be $10, and must be paid before Eid prayer.

Even if you have already paid your Zakah, you can still take advantage of the multiplied reward that these blessed days offer by donating to other funds and supporting our projects worldwide.

The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: “The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be his charity.” (Al-Tirmidhi)

As we prepare for the joyous occasion of Eid, let’s not forget the needy people around the world who have nothing.

USA: https://www.islamicreliefusa.org

Worldwide: http://www.islamic-relief.com/





Ruling on Eid prayers

18 09 2009
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,

Asalaamu Alaiakum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatu

What is the ruling on Eid prayers?

Praise be to Allaah.

The scholars differed concerning the ruling on Eid prayers. There are three scholarly points of view:

1 – that Eid prayer is Sunnah mu’akkadah (a confirmed Sunnah). This is the view of Imam Maalik and Imam al-Shaafa’i.

2 – that it is a communal obligation. This is the view of Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him).

3 – that it is a duty for each Muslim and is obligatory for men; those who do not do it with no excuse are sinning thereby. This is the view of Imam Abu Haneefah (may Allaah have mercy on him), and was also narrated from Imam Ahmad. Among those who favoured this view were Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on them).

See al-Majmoo’, 5/5; al-Mughni, 3/253; al-Insaaf, 5/316; al-Ikhtiyaaraat, p. 82.

Those who held the third view quoted several texts as evidence, including the following:

1 – The verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)”

[al-Kawthar 108:2]

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni: The well-known view is that what is meant by this is the Eid prayer.

Some of the scholars were of the view that what is meant in this verse is prayer in general, not just Eid prayer, so what the verse means is that we are commanded to devote our prayer and sacrifice to Allaah Alone, so it is like the verse in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)’”

[al-An’aam 6:162]

This view concerning this meaning of the verse was shared by Ibn Jareer (12/724) and Ibn Katheer (8/502).

2 – The fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded the people to go out to it (the Eid prayer) and even commanded the women to go out too.

Al-Bukhaari (324) and Muslim (890) narrated that Umm ‘Atiyyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what if one of us does not have a jilbaab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”

The evidence of this hadeeth that the Eid prayer is obligatory is stronger than the evidence of the verse quoted above.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (16/214):

What I think is that the Eid prayer is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is not permissible for men to miss it, rather they have to attend, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that. He even commanded the women – including virgins and those who usually stayed in seclusion – to come out to the Eid prayer, and he commanded menstruating women to come out to the Eid prayer, but told them to keep away from the prayer-place itself. This indicates that it is confirmed.

He also said (16/217):

What seems more likely to be correct in my view, based on the evidence, is that it is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is obligatory for every male to attend the Eid prayer apart from those who have an excuse.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 13/7 concerning the view that it is fard ‘ayn:

This view is more likely to be correct, based on the evidence.

And Allah Knows Best

Islam Q&A





Eid and Zakat ul-Fitr

18 09 2009

Eid and Zakat ul-Fitr

Adopted from The Friday Report (now AlJumuah Magazine), Jan-Feb 1995

`Eid

– Playing, recreation, and eating on the day of Eid:

These are permissible as long as they stay within the acceptable bounds of Islam. Anas said: When the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, came to Madinah, they had two days for amusement. The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, has exchanged these days for two better days: the day of breaking the fast and the day of sacrifice. (Related by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Hibban)

– Taking women and children to the prayer area:

The Prophet sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to take his wives and daughters to the two Eids. Umm Atiyah said: “We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two Eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women though would stay away from the prayer area.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

– Going to the prayer area:

The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to go to the prayer area by walking. Jaber narrated: “On the days of Eid, the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, would go to the prayer area by one route and come back by another route.” (Related by al-Bukhari)

– Eating before going to the prayer area:

Since Eid al-Fitr is the day on which Muslims break their Ramadhan fast, it is preferable to eat before going to the Eid prayer. It is a Sunnah of the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray Salat al-Eid. Anas reported: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, would not go out on the day of Eid al-Fitr without eating an odd number of dates.”(Related by al-Bukhari.)

– Preparation for Eid prayer:

It is preferred to make Ghusl (take a bath), wear one’s best clothes and, for men, to put perfume before going to Salat al-Eid. Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to wear his best clothes for the Eid prayers and he had clothes that he reserved for the two Eids and Jumu’ah.”

– Making Takbeer:

Takbeer starts from the night of Eid’s eve until the Imam comes out to start the prayer. Allah says (S2 A185): “You should complete the prescribed period and then you should glorify Allah (i.e., say Takbeer) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” The form of takbeer is related by `Umar and Ibn Mas`ud: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La illaha illallah. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa lillahil-hamd.”

– Congratulating each other:

It has been narrated that when the Prophet’s companions met each other on the Eid day, they would say to each other: “May Allah accept from us and from you.” (Related by Ahmad.)

Zakat Al Fitr

Zakat al Fitr is an obligatory charity on every Muslim at the end of the month of Ramadan. Ibn `Umar said: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, enjoined the payment of one Sa’a of dates or one Sa’a of barley as Zakat al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to purify the one who has fasted from any type of indecent act or speech he might have committed while fasting. It also helps the poor and the needy. Ibn Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, enjoined Zakat al-Fitr on the one who fasts to shield him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy.” (Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.)

The Amount of Zakat al-Fitr

As the first hadeeth indicated, the amount of Zakat al-Fitr is one Sa’a. Sa’a is a volume measure corresponding approximately to the volume of 5 lb of good wheat. The material of the Zakat can be either dates, barley, wheat, rice, corn or similar items considered as basic foods. Abu Saeed said: “We used to give for Zakat al-Fitr on behalf of every child, aged person, free man or slave during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, one Sa’a of food, or one Sa’a of dried yogurt, or one Sa’a of barley, or one Sa’a of dates, or one Sa’a of raisins.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

The Time for Zakat al-Fitr

Zakat al-Fitr has to be paid by the end of Ramadhan. There are two times to pay Zakat al-Fitr. Either one or two days before Eid as ‘Umar used to do, or the day of Eid before the Eid prayer. Ibn `Umar reported that the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, ordered them to pay Zakat al-Fitr before they go out to perform the Eid prayer. If Zakat al-Fitr is paid after the Eid prayer, it will only be considered as regular charity. The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, said: “If one pays Zakat al-Fitr before the Salat, it is considered an accepted Zakat, if he pays it after the Salat, it is considered an ordinary charity.” (Related by Abu Dawud.)

Zakat al-Fitr is to be given to the same eight categories or people as in the other types of Zakat. Some scholars say that the poor and the needy are the most deserving ones since the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, said that it had “…the purpose of providing food for the needy.”





Zakat Al-Fitr: Rules and Significance

18 09 2009
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,

Asalaamu Alaiakum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatu

Question:

Respected scholars! As-Salamu `alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. May you have a happy and blessed Ramadan! Now, the end of Ramadan is approaching. I heard that a Muslim’s fast will not be accepted unless he pays Zakat Al-Fitr. Please shed light on the rules and significance of this kind of Zakah.

Answer

Wa`alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother, may you have a happy and blessed Ramadan, too!

In fact, all of us wish if the blessed month of Ramadan could be a month for the whole year. However, by the end of Ramadan, true Muslims anticipate the great reward for their devotion and dedication to their Creator, Allah Almighty. Every Muslim earnestly implores Allah to accept his Fasting. Zakat Al-Fitr was declared by the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as a perquisite for the acceptance of fasting. It is meant to cement the relationship between the members of the Muslim society, to alleviate the pain of the poor, to cultivate the sense of brotherhood and solidarity in the hearts of the Muslims, etc.

Zakat Al-Fitr is incumbent on every free Muslim who possesses one Sa` (2.176 kilograms or 4.797 pounds) of dates or barley which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family for the duration of one day and night. Every free Muslim must pay Zakat Al-Fitr for himself, his wife, children, and servants.

Ibn `Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both, said, “The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, enjoined the payment of one Sa` of dates or one Sa` of barley as Zakat Al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

Shedding more light on this issue, we’d like to cite for you the following fatwa on Zakat Al-Fitr issued by Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, President of the Fiqh Council of North America who states:

Zakat Al-Fitr is a special charity of the month of Ramadan. This charity should be given during the month of Ramadan anytime before the `Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. Because it can be given until the `Eid-ul-Fitr time, it is called Zakat Al-Fitr. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) urged Muslims to pay this charity in the month of Ramadan.

Various reasons are given by scholars for this obligatory charity. Some say that this charity helps the poor and needy and takes care of their needs in the month of Ramadan and also makes it possible for them to celebrate the `Eid festival with other Muslims. Other scholars maintain that this charity is meant to expiate (Kaffarah) for any mistakes or wrongdoings a person may have done during this blessed month. Ibn `Abbas said: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) enjoined Zakat Al-Fitr so that those who fast are purified of their sins and the poor and needy people are enabled to arrange for their basic needs of food, clothing etc. Therefore, the Sadaqah (charity) of the person who gives before the `Eid prayer is the real Sadaqah, but if someone delays and gives it afterwards, his charity will be an ordinary one. (Reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.)

Zakat Al-Fitr is obligatory upon every (capable) Muslim, whether male or female. The head of the household must pay this amount on behalf of his/her own self and on behalf of their spouse, children and even servants.

The amount of Zakat Al-Fitr was fixed by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). It is about 5 pounds of wheat, flour, barley, dates or raisins. Some jurists also allow paying cash to the poor and needy. The head of the household must pay this amount on behalf of all the members or the dependant, males or females, adults or children.

This Sadaqah should be given during Ramadan any time but before the `Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. The Sadaqah should be given to the poor and the needy. Individuals can also make the payments to Islamic charitable organizations that collect this fund. These organizations then should distribute these funds as soon as possible so that they reach to the needy people on time.





Extinguish Your Sins…How?

6 09 2009
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In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,

Asalaamu Alaiakum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatu

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Extinguish Sins? How can I do that??

While advising Mu’adh bin Jabal, radiyallahu ‘anhu, the Messenger of Allah Salalahu Alayhi wa Salaam said: “Shall I not guide you to the gates of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire..”

[Related by Al-Tirmidhi, who said it was a fine and sound hadith]

OK, so I give in charity?

Well what are some of the virtues of giving (optional) charity, i.e. Sadaqah?

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the Zaalimoon (wrongdoers)” [al-Baqarah 2:254

“O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you have (legally) earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you, and do not aim at that which is bad to spend from it, (though) you would not accept it save if you close your eyes and tolerate therein. And know that Allaah is Rich (Free of all needs), and Worthy of all praise.” [al-Baqarah 2:267]

“Believe in Allaah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend (in Allaah’s way), theirs will be a great reward”.[al-Hadeed 57:7]

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever gives charity equal to a date from good (halal) earnings – for Allaah does not accept anything but that which is good – Allaah will take it in His right hand and tend it for the one who gave it as any one of you tends his foal, until it becomes like a mountain.”[ Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1344; Muslim, 1014.]

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no day on which the people get up but two angels come down and one of them says, ‘O Allaah, give in compensation to the one who spends (in charity),’ and the other says, ‘O Allaah, destroy the one who withholds.’” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1374; Muslim, 1010.]

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah said: ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5073; Muslim, 993.]

PLUS keep in mind the reward for your good deeds are MULTIPLIED during Ramadan 😀

JazaakAllah Khair! I have the intention to give now. So are there any good organizations out there who are helping Muslims here and abroad through their struggles?

Yes! In fact, there are many Alhamdulilah. 🙂 Below are some very trustworthy, respected organizations who are helping Muslims worldwide especially during this blessed month.

HalfDate *-Promoting Sadaqah With Half a Date Or a Pleasant Word-*

http://halfdate.com/currentdrive/

Islamic Relief (UK)

http://www.islamic-relief.com/Uk/index.htm?id=flag

Islamic Relief (US)

http://www.irw.org/

Islamic Relief (WorldWide)

http://www.islamic-relief.com/

MuslimAid

http://www.muslimaid.org/

Ummah Welfare Trust

http://www.uwt.org/site/index.asp

Human Appeal

http://www.humanappeal.org.uk/index.html

Feed the Fasting (Just Giving):

http://www.justgiving.com/feedthefasting/

Brothers and Sisters, even if it’s $5 you give or $5,000 it will make a difference insha’Allah. Not only will Allah return what you gave x 2 to you in this dunya, but on Yawmul Qiyamah you will see the reward for this charity. SubhanAllah, imagine if on Qiyamah, Allah is pleased with this action and because of it He SWT grants you His Mercy and JANNAH! May Allah accept from us all, ameen ya Rabb

May Allah Azza wa Jal grant you His Forgiveness, Mercy and Jannah, ameen ya Rabb

Or if you wish to give ‘offline’ that is also fine. You know during Taraweeh where the Masjid doesn’t let anyone leave (keeps them hostage) until they meet their target goal? 😀 Why not give a little? How about that $5 in your pocket which will be spent on a cup of coffee or small snack? What about that $20, $50…$100?

Give it for the sake of Allah! You will not loose anything, but you will gain everything! 🙂

BarakAllahu Feekum

Wa’Salaamu Alaaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatu

P.S. If you cannot give, then at least share/copy this article and encourage others to give insha’Allah. 🙂