Farewell Ramadaan: Khutbah From Makkah

19 09 2009

Farewell Ramadaan

Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sudays

Translated By Hazem Ragab

Edited By Nasim Chowdhury

Summary

1) The course of life.

2) The anguish at the end of Ramadaan.

3 ) Those who rejoice during Ramadaan.

4) Acceptance of good deeds was the greatest concern of the salaf.

5) Acts of worship performed during Ramadaan.

6) The wonderful opportunity that Ramadaan represents

7) Persistence on obedience.

8) The effects of Ramadaan upon the soul.

9) The painful predicament of our Ummah.

10) Propaganda against Islaam and Muslims.

11) Salvation is achieved through sound faith.

12) Good deeds at the end of Ramadaan.

13) Zakaatul-Fitr (charity paid at the conclusion of Ramadaan).

All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his household and companions.

Fellow Muslims! Fear Allaah, for that is the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. It is the best provision for the Abode of Peace and whoever possesses it will prosper and be saved from all evils.

Fellow Muslims! When one ponders over the history of nations, they will realise that all are in the process of constant change. This is the course destined for them by Allaah and nothing can change that.

Brothers in Islaam! Tell me, if an honourable guest visits you in your dwellings, showers you with goodness and loves you – which you reciprocate; then the time for his departure arrives, how are you going to bid him farewell and how are you going to feel? What separation is then greater and more emotional than that from the beloved guest of the Muslims, the blessed month of Ramadaan?

Ramadaan is the month righteousness and generosity, the month of forgiveness and liberation from Hell. It is all but gone now and nothing remains of it but a few moments. Yesterday, we were congratulating each other on the arrival of the month; today we are consoling one another over its departure and invoking Allaah to accept all our acts of worship.

In this noble month, many have done good deeds while others have done the opposite. These are going to testify for or against us on the Day of Reckoning. We do not know whether we are going to live to witness this glorious month again or not. Therefore, the fortunate Muslim during this month was the one who was able to perfect their acts of worship with sincerity and self-examination and end it with sincere repentance, for acts are judged according to their ends.

Brothers in faith! Our righteous predecessors used to exert maximum effort in perfecting their acts of worship and had grave concerns regarding their acceptance or rejection. ‘Ali Ibn Abi Taalib warned: “Have a greater concern for the acceptance of your deeds than you do for the amount of deeds you have performed. Do not you hear the saying of Allaah: ‘Indeed, Allaah accepts only from the righteous” (Al Maa’idah: 27).

Fudhaalah ibn ‘Ubayd said, “To know that Allaah has accepted a single act of righteousness from me would be dearer to me than this world all that it contains.” This is how our diligent predecessors were. O Allaah! Forgive our negligence and have mercy on us all.

May the peace of Allaah be upon the month of fasting and night prayers! May the peace of Allaah be upon the month of the Qur’aan and the remembrance of Allaah! It has now passed like the twinkling of an eye, yet while it was here it was an arena for those who race to do good deeds. Endeavour then, to utilise the remaining hours of it by performing good deeds for Ramadaan can never be substituted by any other any month.

It is a month in which hearts are refined and sins are forgiven. It is a month of security and peace for the frightened. In this great month, many hands have been raised in supplication, many a tear has been shed and many a heart has been struck with the fear of Allaah. Allaah has showered His Mercy and Favour on many of His slaves in this month – particularly in the last ten days of it.

Brothers in faith! When will one who has not been forgiven his sins in this month ever be forgiven? When will the one whose supplication is rejected in Lailatul Qadr (the Night of Power) ever have it accepted? Ibn Rajab narrated that ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib used to proclaim in the last night of Ramadaan: ‘How I wish I knew those whose acts of worship have been accepted so that I could congratulate them; and how I wish I knew those whose acts of worship have been rejected so that I could commiserate with them!’

Whose loss is greater than he who missed the blessings of Ramadaan? When will the one who did not reform himself during the month of Ramadaan ever do so? When will the one who was not cured from the sickness of ignorance and heedlessness in this month ever get cured?

O you who have committed great sins! These few remaining blessed days are an opportunity for you to repent, for whoever is librated from Hell has indeed won a great reward. As for you, who have been liberated from Hell by your Lord; do not shackle yourself in sins again. Is it rational to be moving closer to Hell after your Lord has pardoned you from it? Hasten therefore, dear brothers to do more good deeds, for some of you may not live to see the end of this year.

Let the negligent ones among you seize the opportunity of this outgoing month in doing righteous deeds before it is too late. Let the heedless ones wake up and remember the terrible fate that awaits them; let them try to spend the rest of their lives doing good deeds.

Fellow Muslims! Let us look at our present condition in light of the effects Ramadaan had on us. Let us compare our condition at the start of Ramadaan to our condition now: Was the advent of Ramadaan something that made us become pious? Did it reform our actions and conduct? Did it unify our ranks against our enemies? Did it remove the hatred and rancour between us? Did it eliminate the evil deeds committed by our communities?

Brothers in faith! You have responded to the call of your Lord by fasting so respond to His command in all other matters and at all times. Humble your hearts for the remembrance of Allaah and be united in adherence to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam so that the Muslim nation may be saved from calamities.

Brothers in Islaam! It is appropriate for us, while we are bidding farewell to this blessed month, to also try to bid farewell to all the calamities that have come to characterise the very essence of this nation. We must take serious steps to put an immediate end to the shedding of Muslim blood that is taking place in the blessed land of Palestine, Kashmir and Chechnya with impunity.

Is it credible that the Muslims who are more than a billion in number can be so powerless in failing to protect the blood of their brothers and win them back their security and glory? Will the Muslims, while bidding farewell to Ramadaan, spurn the weakness and disunity that characterises their position on the issue of Al-Quds (Jerusalem) and the Al-Aqsaa Mosque – which are under the occupation of the Zionist devils?!

With regard to the Afghan issue, let the different Afghan groups bury their differences and lend their support to those who will govern them by the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam in order to protect the lives of the Muslims, the security of their land and the safety of the Afghan people. Let us do more to alleviate the pain and suffering of the Muslim minorities throughout the world.

Let the leaders of the Muslim countries and their scholars champion this cause by exerting more efforts to exalt the religion of Allaah and help the cause of Islaam everywhere. This is especially important given the current global situation that is having adverse effects on the lives of the Muslims worldwide. Will the Muslims not put an end to the vicious campaign of the mass media against Islaam, the Muslims, and their lands – particularly the land of the two Holy Mosques?

Has the time not come for the Muslims to make positive use of all the intellectual Da’wah capabilities and modern information technology at their disposal? Why don’t they use these to propagate the beauty of Islaam, its provision for human rights, its firm establishment upon the real concepts of truth, justice and peace and its abhorrence of violence and terrorism – especially in this time of vicious globalization and the so-called clash of civilizations? Will the meaning of terrorism be based on the whims of the Zionists who themselves are known terrorists, O world leaders?

O Ummah of Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam! We are a nation known by our outstanding history of glory and strength. We must desert the degradation and humiliation which has now become our lot and assume our divine role by liberating the oppressed from error, misery, materialism and anarchy to the truth, justice and peace.

In fact this is our duty, for this is from our obligation toward the correct faith, truth and piety. It is our duty to nurture the youth on moderation and lay down a strategy for elevating Islamic propagation and protecting the Muslim communities from the scourge of petty disagreements, – which have plagued us for ages.

It is time for the Muslims to realise that their present condition will never improve unless they hold on to the correct Islamic belief, in an age where atheism and paganism are the order of the day. I swear by Allaah! Degenerated nations and communities did not become so except as a result of their religious and moral decline and their abandonment of the divine teachings.

Will the Muslims now recognise the value of their belief and unite on the path of their righteous predecessors in order to attain blessings for the whole world and its inhabitants?

Fellow Muslims! Bid farewell to the month of Ramadaan with good deeds that will testify in your favour on the day of Resurrection.

Brothers in faith! Allaah has prescribed for you at the end of Ramadaan a great deed with which you can make amends for your deficiencies within that month. By doing this, you can also gain immense rewards; Allaah says that which translates to: “He wants for you to complete the period and to magnify Allaah for that (to) which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” (Al-Baqarah: 185).

Therefore, Allaah also prescribed the Zakaatul-Fitr [end of Ramadaan alms-giving] for you as a sign of gratitude to Him for facilitating fasting and night prayers for you, to purify you from any obscenity you may have uttered and as a feeding for the poor and the needy in order to promote the brotherhood and unity among the Muslims.

The amount to be given is one Saa’ [approximately 3 kg.] of wheat, rice or any other staple food of the land. It is to be given by every Muslim, be they young, old, male or female. It is also rewardable if it is given on behalf of the unborn foetus. It is best given between the Fajr and ‘Eid prayers (on the day of ‘Eid) but there is no harm if it is given a day or two before ‘Eid.

The Sunnah is to give it out in foodstuff as it has been explicitly explained in the Hadeeth and in accordance with the practice of our righteous predecessors. So give this charity out, for Allaah has only asked you to give a negligible amount of the huge bounty that He has bestowed upon you.

Brothers in Islaam! Continue in your good deeds even after Ramadaan. Be constant in observing the five obligatory prayers and other acts of worship. Know that, among the signs of the acceptance of a good deed is to continue and be steadfast in performing that deed. Know also that it is only the evil people who know and worship Allaah in Ramadaan only.





Last Chance to Give During This Blessed Season!

18 09 2009
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Last chance to give during this blessed season!
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Ramadan is almost over, and with it the month’s many blessings and multiplied rewards shall depart as well.

But you still have a chance to take advantage of the tremendous reward that this holy month offers.

These finals days are your last chance to pay your Zakah and Zakat al-Fitr before Ramadan is over. Zakat al-Fitr is estimated to be $10, and must be paid before Eid prayer.

Even if you have already paid your Zakah, you can still take advantage of the multiplied reward that these blessed days offer by donating to other funds and supporting our projects worldwide.

The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: “The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be his charity.” (Al-Tirmidhi)

As we prepare for the joyous occasion of Eid, let’s not forget the needy people around the world who have nothing.

USA: https://www.islamicreliefusa.org

Worldwide: http://www.islamic-relief.com/





Ruling on Eid prayers

18 09 2009
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,

Asalaamu Alaiakum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatu

What is the ruling on Eid prayers?

Praise be to Allaah.

The scholars differed concerning the ruling on Eid prayers. There are three scholarly points of view:

1 – that Eid prayer is Sunnah mu’akkadah (a confirmed Sunnah). This is the view of Imam Maalik and Imam al-Shaafa’i.

2 – that it is a communal obligation. This is the view of Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him).

3 – that it is a duty for each Muslim and is obligatory for men; those who do not do it with no excuse are sinning thereby. This is the view of Imam Abu Haneefah (may Allaah have mercy on him), and was also narrated from Imam Ahmad. Among those who favoured this view were Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on them).

See al-Majmoo’, 5/5; al-Mughni, 3/253; al-Insaaf, 5/316; al-Ikhtiyaaraat, p. 82.

Those who held the third view quoted several texts as evidence, including the following:

1 – The verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)”

[al-Kawthar 108:2]

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni: The well-known view is that what is meant by this is the Eid prayer.

Some of the scholars were of the view that what is meant in this verse is prayer in general, not just Eid prayer, so what the verse means is that we are commanded to devote our prayer and sacrifice to Allaah Alone, so it is like the verse in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)’”

[al-An’aam 6:162]

This view concerning this meaning of the verse was shared by Ibn Jareer (12/724) and Ibn Katheer (8/502).

2 – The fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded the people to go out to it (the Eid prayer) and even commanded the women to go out too.

Al-Bukhaari (324) and Muslim (890) narrated that Umm ‘Atiyyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what if one of us does not have a jilbaab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”

The evidence of this hadeeth that the Eid prayer is obligatory is stronger than the evidence of the verse quoted above.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (16/214):

What I think is that the Eid prayer is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is not permissible for men to miss it, rather they have to attend, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that. He even commanded the women – including virgins and those who usually stayed in seclusion – to come out to the Eid prayer, and he commanded menstruating women to come out to the Eid prayer, but told them to keep away from the prayer-place itself. This indicates that it is confirmed.

He also said (16/217):

What seems more likely to be correct in my view, based on the evidence, is that it is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is obligatory for every male to attend the Eid prayer apart from those who have an excuse.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 13/7 concerning the view that it is fard ‘ayn:

This view is more likely to be correct, based on the evidence.

And Allah Knows Best

Islam Q&A





Eid and Zakat ul-Fitr

18 09 2009

Eid and Zakat ul-Fitr

Adopted from The Friday Report (now AlJumuah Magazine), Jan-Feb 1995

`Eid

– Playing, recreation, and eating on the day of Eid:

These are permissible as long as they stay within the acceptable bounds of Islam. Anas said: When the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, came to Madinah, they had two days for amusement. The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, has exchanged these days for two better days: the day of breaking the fast and the day of sacrifice. (Related by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Hibban)

– Taking women and children to the prayer area:

The Prophet sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to take his wives and daughters to the two Eids. Umm Atiyah said: “We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women to the two Eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women though would stay away from the prayer area.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

– Going to the prayer area:

The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to go to the prayer area by walking. Jaber narrated: “On the days of Eid, the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, would go to the prayer area by one route and come back by another route.” (Related by al-Bukhari)

– Eating before going to the prayer area:

Since Eid al-Fitr is the day on which Muslims break their Ramadhan fast, it is preferable to eat before going to the Eid prayer. It is a Sunnah of the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray Salat al-Eid. Anas reported: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, would not go out on the day of Eid al-Fitr without eating an odd number of dates.”(Related by al-Bukhari.)

– Preparation for Eid prayer:

It is preferred to make Ghusl (take a bath), wear one’s best clothes and, for men, to put perfume before going to Salat al-Eid. Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, used to wear his best clothes for the Eid prayers and he had clothes that he reserved for the two Eids and Jumu’ah.”

– Making Takbeer:

Takbeer starts from the night of Eid’s eve until the Imam comes out to start the prayer. Allah says (S2 A185): “You should complete the prescribed period and then you should glorify Allah (i.e., say Takbeer) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” The form of takbeer is related by `Umar and Ibn Mas`ud: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La illaha illallah. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa lillahil-hamd.”

– Congratulating each other:

It has been narrated that when the Prophet’s companions met each other on the Eid day, they would say to each other: “May Allah accept from us and from you.” (Related by Ahmad.)

Zakat Al Fitr

Zakat al Fitr is an obligatory charity on every Muslim at the end of the month of Ramadan. Ibn `Umar said: “The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, enjoined the payment of one Sa’a of dates or one Sa’a of barley as Zakat al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to purify the one who has fasted from any type of indecent act or speech he might have committed while fasting. It also helps the poor and the needy. Ibn Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, enjoined Zakat al-Fitr on the one who fasts to shield him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy.” (Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.)

The Amount of Zakat al-Fitr

As the first hadeeth indicated, the amount of Zakat al-Fitr is one Sa’a. Sa’a is a volume measure corresponding approximately to the volume of 5 lb of good wheat. The material of the Zakat can be either dates, barley, wheat, rice, corn or similar items considered as basic foods. Abu Saeed said: “We used to give for Zakat al-Fitr on behalf of every child, aged person, free man or slave during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, one Sa’a of food, or one Sa’a of dried yogurt, or one Sa’a of barley, or one Sa’a of dates, or one Sa’a of raisins.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

The Time for Zakat al-Fitr

Zakat al-Fitr has to be paid by the end of Ramadhan. There are two times to pay Zakat al-Fitr. Either one or two days before Eid as ‘Umar used to do, or the day of Eid before the Eid prayer. Ibn `Umar reported that the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, ordered them to pay Zakat al-Fitr before they go out to perform the Eid prayer. If Zakat al-Fitr is paid after the Eid prayer, it will only be considered as regular charity. The Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, said: “If one pays Zakat al-Fitr before the Salat, it is considered an accepted Zakat, if he pays it after the Salat, it is considered an ordinary charity.” (Related by Abu Dawud.)

Zakat al-Fitr is to be given to the same eight categories or people as in the other types of Zakat. Some scholars say that the poor and the needy are the most deserving ones since the Prophet, sallaallahu `alayhe wa sallam, said that it had “…the purpose of providing food for the needy.”





Zakat Al-Fitr: Rules and Significance

18 09 2009
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,

Asalaamu Alaiakum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatu

Question:

Respected scholars! As-Salamu `alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. May you have a happy and blessed Ramadan! Now, the end of Ramadan is approaching. I heard that a Muslim’s fast will not be accepted unless he pays Zakat Al-Fitr. Please shed light on the rules and significance of this kind of Zakah.

Answer

Wa`alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother, may you have a happy and blessed Ramadan, too!

In fact, all of us wish if the blessed month of Ramadan could be a month for the whole year. However, by the end of Ramadan, true Muslims anticipate the great reward for their devotion and dedication to their Creator, Allah Almighty. Every Muslim earnestly implores Allah to accept his Fasting. Zakat Al-Fitr was declared by the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as a perquisite for the acceptance of fasting. It is meant to cement the relationship between the members of the Muslim society, to alleviate the pain of the poor, to cultivate the sense of brotherhood and solidarity in the hearts of the Muslims, etc.

Zakat Al-Fitr is incumbent on every free Muslim who possesses one Sa` (2.176 kilograms or 4.797 pounds) of dates or barley which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family for the duration of one day and night. Every free Muslim must pay Zakat Al-Fitr for himself, his wife, children, and servants.

Ibn `Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both, said, “The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, enjoined the payment of one Sa` of dates or one Sa` of barley as Zakat Al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

Shedding more light on this issue, we’d like to cite for you the following fatwa on Zakat Al-Fitr issued by Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, President of the Fiqh Council of North America who states:

Zakat Al-Fitr is a special charity of the month of Ramadan. This charity should be given during the month of Ramadan anytime before the `Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. Because it can be given until the `Eid-ul-Fitr time, it is called Zakat Al-Fitr. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) urged Muslims to pay this charity in the month of Ramadan.

Various reasons are given by scholars for this obligatory charity. Some say that this charity helps the poor and needy and takes care of their needs in the month of Ramadan and also makes it possible for them to celebrate the `Eid festival with other Muslims. Other scholars maintain that this charity is meant to expiate (Kaffarah) for any mistakes or wrongdoings a person may have done during this blessed month. Ibn `Abbas said: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) enjoined Zakat Al-Fitr so that those who fast are purified of their sins and the poor and needy people are enabled to arrange for their basic needs of food, clothing etc. Therefore, the Sadaqah (charity) of the person who gives before the `Eid prayer is the real Sadaqah, but if someone delays and gives it afterwards, his charity will be an ordinary one. (Reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.)

Zakat Al-Fitr is obligatory upon every (capable) Muslim, whether male or female. The head of the household must pay this amount on behalf of his/her own self and on behalf of their spouse, children and even servants.

The amount of Zakat Al-Fitr was fixed by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). It is about 5 pounds of wheat, flour, barley, dates or raisins. Some jurists also allow paying cash to the poor and needy. The head of the household must pay this amount on behalf of all the members or the dependant, males or females, adults or children.

This Sadaqah should be given during Ramadan any time but before the `Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. The Sadaqah should be given to the poor and the needy. Individuals can also make the payments to Islamic charitable organizations that collect this fund. These organizations then should distribute these funds as soon as possible so that they reach to the needy people on time.